In 2015 PediaWorks, SCAI, CCISC and Children’s National Medical Center conducted a device needs survey of pediatric interventional cardiologists as a public service.  The project’s goal is to provide a comprehensive assessment of clinical need and to spur the development of new devices.  The following results reflect the opinions of 68 respondents from eight countries and have been presented to the FDA, NIH and several medical device firms.  The raw data file is available here: 2015 Cardiology Needs Survey and may be used without permission.  Please contact Tim Moran with questions or comments- tim at pediaworks org




Q1.  Please rank the following in order of most needed (lowest number is highest need).



Ranked #1 Count

Ranked #2 Count

Device Need
2.4 25 10 Bioresorbable stents for pulmonary artery stenosis and aortic coarctation
3.7 14 15 Covered stents in very large sizes
5.1 3 12 Transcatheter pulmonary / tricuspid valves in larger sizes
5.1 7 4 Tubes and patches that can be dilated
5.5 4 4 PDA devices for very tiny premature infants
6.5 2 4 Perimembranous VSD occluder devices
6.7 4 4 One piece front loading self-sheathed stent delivery systems
6.9 1 4 Catheter delivered pulmonary flow limiters to replace surgical PA banding
7.1 0 1 Stents and delivery systems for PDA stenting in infants
7.4 0 1 Wires with variable stiffness characteristics that can be altered in vivo
9.2 1 1 3Fr. long sheaths
10.3 0 0 Flexible microtome cutting balloon




Q2.   If a bioresorbable stent were safe and efficacious, please list the number your institution would likely use per year to treat the following conditions:


Q2 BioR stents4




Q3. Please list the two most common bioresorbable stent diameters required to treat PAS and CA:


Q3 Diameters2




Q4.  For PDA stents please define maximum expanded diameter needed:


Q4 PDA diameter




Q5.  For PDA stents please define the maximum expanded length:


Q5 PDA stent length




Q6. For PDA stents please define desired material:


Q6 PDA stent type




Q7.  Please define the maximum sheath size for PDA stents:


Q7 pda stent sheath




Q8. Please define the maximum diameter for covered stents:


Q8 cov stent dia




Q9.  Please define maximum expanded length for covered stents:


Q9 covered stent length




Q10.  Please define the number of covered stents needed annually at your institution: 



Q10 number of covered stents





Q11.  Please rate the need for catheters smaller than 3 Fr.:


3fr caths





Q12.  Please list a new or modified device that would affect the greatest number of your patients:


– Bioresorble stent (X12)
– PDA device for premies (X7)
– Larger pulmonary and tricuspid valves (x5)
– Covered stents (X5)
– Perimembranous VSD devices (x3)
– Bioresorbable septal occluders (x3)
– 2 or 2.5 fr system
– Bioresorbable materials for implant
– Implantable centrifugal VADs that support single ventricle circulation.
– Long sheaths with pre-attached ‘carrot’
– MRI visible catheters and radiopaque for bail out
– Premounted stents
– Small stents which would resorb or could be dilated to much larger sizes
– Stents for pulmonary arteries/aortic coarctation
– Wider variety of sizes and profile for pulmonary valve implants




Q13.  Please list a new or modified device that would have the greatest impact on your patients’ morbidity:


– Bioresorbable stents (x11)
– Covered stents (X11)
– PDA closure and delivery device for premature infants (X2)
– Larger percutaneous pulmonary valve (2X)
– AoCo Stent + VSD device
– Central venous catheters that do not create vascular obstruction due to vessel thrombosis
– Ductal stent – ends need to expand rot 7mm, centrally needs to be controlled at 3.5 to 4mm diameter
– Larger diameter transcatheter valves
– Lower profile large and high pressure balloons, and lower profile, pre-mounted balloon expandable stents
– PA flow constrictors for single ventricle management. Low profile and being able to ‘dial’ the size up or down after device deployment
– PA stents
– Percutaneous LVAD/RVAD devices
– Premounted stents
– Reducing from 3.3F to 3F for Mongoose line
– Self expanding stent grafts for pulmonary valve replacement in large native RVOTs
– Small AV valve prostheses for infants
– Smaller catheters and smaller sheaths (but also smaller profile stents and balloons to fit those sheaths)
– Softer ASD devices in larger sizes
– Stents for pulmonary artery stenosis




Q14.  Please list desired simple modifications to current devices: 


– Premounted stents (X6)
– Covered stents (X4)
– Bioabsorbable stent (X2)
– A better balloon expandable stent; remounted, doesn’t shorten excessively, can be further dilated and goes through a reasonable size sheath
– Amplatzer Duct Occluder 7/5 doesn’t exist.
– Another self centering ASO device
– Bigger transcatheter valves
– Carrot attached to long sheaths simplifying stent delivery
– Covered stent even material that can allow us to make a covered stent in the lab on a case by case basis
– Delivery sheath size, flexibility and traceability; Guide wire in vivo modification of performance features
– Ductal occluders shaped like an ADO I whixch can be deployed from the arterial end.
– Finer softer nitinol mesh on Amplatzer septal occluder
– Hemostatic valve that accomodates large catheters/stents. To add onto an existing sheath, either by copping the existing one off and using the new valve or by introducing the new one through the existing valve. The current ones are very tight and can strip off a mounted stent. Also a 5 and 6 Fr. transseptal sheath with a bright tip marker at the end.
– Large diameter preloaded stents
– Larger percutaneous pulmonary valve
– Larger pulmonary valves for replacement therapy in all forms of RVOT dysfunction
– Make stents retrievable
– More minaturization of current ADO I device to use in premature infants.  If constructed out  of material similar to AVP IV or ADO II but in the shape of AVP II, I think premie PDA’s could be closed via an 0.038 lumen catheter.
– Nucleus shape balloons in small sizes for ductal stenting
– “Open ring”, “growth” or resorbable small stents
– PDA bioresorbable device
– PDA device
– Pre-mounted Palamz Genesis and Palmaz XL stents on large balloons (eg 18, 20, 22, 24 mm)
– VSD device
– Wider variety of stent lengths so that we don’t have to ovelap side branches in PA stenting
– With the success of the 3.3 Fr sheath and catheters, work should be performed on a 2.2 Fr sheath and catheter




Q15.  Please list devices available in other countries that you would like available in yours:


– Covered stents (X21)
– Large diameter covered stent (X6)
– Melody pulmonary valve (X2)
– All of them!
– ASD occluders with improved delivery system that allows retrievability following implantation and eliminatiion of tension via the delivery cable
– AVP III (vascular plug 3-oval plug), LifeTech devices, Occlutech devices
– Better stronger, covered stents; Better deployable occlusion plugs
– Biodegradable stent
– Larger pulmonary valves
– Other septal occluders, percutaneous valves
– Perimemb VSD device (PFM)
– Perimembranous VSD device
– RVOT infundibular reducer for pulmonary valve implantation
– Stents approved for pediatric congenital use and covered stents in the USA
– Transcatheter pulmonary valve, self-expanding, name escapes me; or ADO II-AS
– Vascular plug III




Q16.  Please describe any other product needs:


– Better balloon-tipped wedge and angiographic catheters. Only 2 suppliers in the US. The Arrow catheters have bad balloons. The other is not very steerable and has inconsistent bore sizes.
– Double lumen central lines with high flow in 3 Fr size, 5 Fr high flow renal replacement catheters
– Percutaneous valves for other than pulmonary application
– Premounted stents of adequate size to be dilated to adult size
– Small PDA occluders for premature infants,  Improved perimembranous VSD occluders